Essence of Human Beings on Aristotle’s Doctrine

Essence of Human Beings on Aristotle’s Doctrine


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Essence of Human Beings on Aristotle’s Doctrine
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Working Bibliography

Cohen, M. (2020). Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved from

In his work, Aristotle himself outlined his key subject in a variety of ways: as ‘first philosophy’. In this so-called ‘first philosophy,’ there are principles and causes which are pinpointed as the subject matter. They in generality concern the most fundamental issues. Aristotle tried to differentiate between the ‘things better known to us’ and ‘things better known in themselves’.  In general, he came up with the implement that for a proper understanding of any given topic, we should begin the study by the things known better to us and I so doing we ultimately get to understand the things better known to themselves. The principles studied by ‘first philosophy’ are better known to themselves according to Aristotle, although they seem very general and abstract and also remote to the ordinary world experience.



Hobbes, Aristotle, and Human Happiness. (2008). Retrieved from

Thomas Hobbes was involved in various philosophy debates in his life. In this article, Hobbes and Aristotle tension over metaphysics, ethics and politics are explored. In summary of Hobbes phrase, he tries to show that spiritual darkness partly derives from Aristotle and partly from understanding blindness. It is clear that He targetsto pair some Aristotelian doctrines and their adaption to catholic dogma for the advantage of his coinage followed, that is, ‘Aristotelity.’ In generalizing the article, Hobbes in matters of Aristotle’s doctrines remained to be anti-Aristotelian. Still, in the sense of political theory, he became un-Aristotelian on specific issues. The answers concerning the two are evaluated through the light they display in their writings.


Cohen, M. (2006). Aristotle on Substance, Matter, and Form. Retrieved from

In the study of metaphysics ‘the study of being qua being’, Aristotle describes it as “a science that studies being in so far as it is being”. This can be translated to be” S studies x qua y” meaning x is the subject matter of science S, and the aspect of x under which S is studied is y.For a clear understanding, metaphysics and physics are wholly expanded and deeply explained. For instance, physics is involved in the study of natural objects- things subjected to change. Generally, it deals with individual beingsstudy and deals with it for as long as it is subjected to change.

On the other hand, metaphysics deals with the study of beings, that is, not only the changeable ones but all in general. Aristotle also reviews the use of the term ‘being’. Although it can be used in different ways, and there are ten categories of being, it doesn’t mean it is ambiguous to use it. It is therefore used centred on the case being talked of.


Jackson, P. (2020). Does Aristotle’s Philosophy Offer Us a Viable Architectonic Account of the World?. Retrieved from

Through his work, Jackson tries to display and justify the correctness of Aristotle’s architectonic of human being and being. Firstly, he is more concerned with objective reality by Aristotle. Generally, he reveals the framework of Aristotle and his approach to picturing the world. Some of his basic components include the ‘categories’ of being in the world, the ‘elements’ of the earth and finally the ‘first principles’. According to the author, Aristotle also comments on the term element. Though its usage in various purposes, it is also applied to small unity metaphorically. Aristotle also argues that the world’s objects can’t be reduced to a scale of values. Through the concreteness of Aristotle’s account deeds from which a picture of reality is structured, nature implicitly rejects reductionist accounts of the world. The author also adds Aristotle’s argument that each species poses its peculiar world and its objects of desire. This is brought about by the difference in pleasures in different species.




The author states that to describe a good life, one has to go thoroughly deep in the analyzation of ethical theory. In Aristotle’s ethics, he tries to define the human beings’ guidelines in achieving happiness in a society. All human life involves activity and humans engage in these activities to arrive at some end. The end should be right since otherwise, no one would engage in the activities. Aristotle outlines the two types of endings that is, an end in itself and the other end subordinated to other activity. He, therefore, declares that happiness is the only complete end that all activities aimed at achieving even though many people oppose what exactly satisfaction is. According to Aristotle, ethics mean the soul cultivation of habits, that is a disposition on passion conducive to virtuous action. Centrally, Aristotle’s issue is based on character and what it takes for a person to be good. In his attempt to discover the components of a good life, he applies the idea of moderation.



Clark, S. (2016). Aristotle on the Human Good. Retrieved from

The article is detailed on the question of Aristotle’s commentators of human good. It also includes worthwhile activities and the successful exercise towards virtues. The author reveals that there are various activities under which many people hope to engage in for worth gain. Still, they end up preceding for other more splendid activities which are more preferably for our perfect well-being. However, this creates more moral difficulties. Aristotle’s commentators here find themselves with a rhetoric question lingering their minds. That is, does Aristotle on the ‘dominant’ interpretation imply that people should rather contemplate than honour parents and defend the city in their well-being construction.



Weber, S. (2017). Aristotle and Respect for Persons: A Historic-Philosophical Itinerary. Retrieved from

Respect for persons is highly appreciated and is regarded as a moral concept. In his article, Weber tries to show Aristotle’s contribution to his morals and political philosophy on the idea of respect to persons.  To be able to do that, the author evaluates some contemplable doctrines in Aristotle’s Ethics and Politics. In consideration for people, it automatically depends on the existence of other people. It is displayed that giving inappropriate weight to another person’s reality is termed as wrong behaviour morally. When we consider respect for other persons as a fundamental principle, three characteristics are relevant to be recognized. They include category, grading and reciprocal.



Morality as Virtue: Aristotle. (2020). Retrieved from’s%20Ethics.htm

The author describes Aristotle’s Ethics as a justified version of ethical thinking in ancient Greek. Aristotle, in his Ethics base human as ‘the rational animal’ with a good functional account. He further declares that it is the ability to reason that separates humans from other animals. Humans as creatures of habit are rational in developing virtues contributing to successful living according to Aristotle.



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