PHI 340 Theory of Knowledge

PHI 340 Theory of Knowledge, Exam 2

 

Don't use plagiarized sources. Get Your Custom Essay on
PHI 340 Theory of Knowledge
Just from $13/Page
Order Essay

For this exam you are expected to write four essays, each responding to one question from each of the below groups of questions. Each essay should be 1 ½ to 2 pages (or about 450 to 600 words) in length, double-spaced. You should respond to each of your chosen questions completely and thoroughly, being sure to address every part of the question.

 

Make sure to clearly indicate in your exam document which questions you are responding to. The text of questions or other identifying information will not be counted toward the word-count.

 

Your answers will be graded for clarity and quality of the development of your ideas as well as accuracy. This means that when it comes to writing style you should treat the writing of each essay as like writing a short philosophical paper. However, none of this means that you should do additional outside research. Your essays should be your own words, showing what you have understood from the material covered in the class.

 

Due to the shortness of the essays, it is EXTREMELY important that you NOTwaste space with long introductions or other extraneous material!

 

Your essays should be submitted to the Dropbox on Blackboard in a single Microsoft Word file no later than 11:59 PM on Monday, October 26. The file you upload to the Dropbox should include your name in the file title.

 

Below are all the questions which you may choose to respond to for Exam 2. They are divided into four groups in accordance with the chapters from O’Brien from which they are drawn. You may choose only one question from each group (chapter). There are no substitutions; if you answer two questions from one group, I will choose one to grade and the other will not contribute any points to your exam grade.

 

Group 1, O’Brien Chapter 4

  1. 1. To which theory of perception are the following limericks relevant, and why?

There was a young man who said, ‘God,

I find it exceedingly odd,

That the willow oak tree

Continues to be

When there’s no one about in the Quad.’

‘Dear Sir, your astonishment’s odd

For I’m always about in the Quad;

And that’s why the tree

Continues to be.’

Signed ‘Yours faithfully, GOD.’

  1. What is the argument from illusion? What, if anything, does it tell us about the kinds of objects we perceive?
  2. What is phenomenalism, and can it provide a plausible account of perception?
  3. What is intentional content, and what role does it play in perception and thought?
  4. Is perception representational? If so, how?
  5. Can a wasp see that the jam jar is open; can it see the jar as full; and can it see the jam?

 

Group 2, O’Brien Chapter 6

  1. What is the regress argument for foundationalism? Is it persuasive?
  2. My belief that there’s an apple in front of me is justified by the indubitable fact that I’m now experiencing a round green shape in my visual field. Is this right?
  3. Is the Given a myth?
  4. The chef, Heston Blumenthal, used to serve frozen crab ice-cream at his restaurant The Fat Duck. It met with a lukewarm reception – guests weren’t sure about it. He decided to change the name to frozen crab bisque and after he did the dish was a hit – everyone loved it (Spense and Piqueras-Fiszman, 2014, xiii-xv). How is this relevant to foundationalism?
  5. What do traditional and modest foundationalists have in common, and how do their approaches differ?

Group 3, O’Brien Chapter 7

  1. Critically evaluate the claim that ‘Beliefs are only justified in virtue of their inferential relations within a system of beliefs.’
  2. Compare and contrast the linear and non-linear conceptions of justification.
  3. According to the coherentist and the foundationalist, why is my belief that the sky is blue justified?
  4. The novel The Lord of the Rings (Tolkein, 1954-5) provides a coherent and comprehensive description of a fantasy world. Would the coherentist claim that we are justified in believing that this story is true?
  5. A murder has been committed in an apartment on Rue Morgue. A horrifically mutilated body was found there; strange-sounding screams were heard, screams in an unrecognizable language; and the murderer does not seem to have had any means of escape: the door to the apartment was locked from the inside and the outside walls of the building are too precipitous to climb. The investigating detective claims to have solved the crime. He believes that it was committed by a gorilla and not by a person (see Edgar Allen Poe’s story, ‘Murder in the Rue Morgue’, 1992b). First, consider how his theory provides an explanation of the circumstantial evidence; second, how would the foundationalist and the coherentist argue that the detective’s belief is justified?

Group 4, O’Brien Chapter 8

  1. What is the relationship between reliability and empirical knowledge? (Remember, both internalists and externalists make use of some notion of reliability.)
  2. Can you think of any non-reflective knowledge that you might have, knowledge for which you cannot provide rational justification? And, how might the internalist respond to such examples?
  3. What would the internalist and externalist have to say about the following two scenarios?
    1. Peter claims to know the birth sign of everyone he first meets, and he almost always gets it right. He does not know how he does this, and neither does anybody else.
    2. Mary is frequently ill. However, when she believes that she will recover quickly, she does. There is a reason for this: when she is thinking positively her brain produces chemicals that boost her immune system. Beliefs in a quick recovery are reliably self-fulfilling; but does she know that she will recover quickly?
  4. Identifying the sex of young chicks is essential to the poultry industry and skilled chicken-sexers are employed to do this. They claim that they can see the difference between the male and female chicks and sort them accordingly. Imagine, though, if this were not the case and that there were no visible differences between the sexes at the age they are sorted. The chicken-sexers are reliable, though, because it is a distinctive smell that differentiates the sexes, one to which they are sensitive. Do the chicken-sexers know the sex of the chickens they sort?

The Homework College
Calculate your paper price
Pages (550 words)
Approximate price: -

Why Work with Us

Top Quality and Well-Researched Papers

We ensure that our writers and editors work within the work guidelines and follow all paper instructions to the letter. When placing an order, you choose the academic field and expert level (high school, college, university, or professional). Our team then assigns your paper to a writer with a respective qualification or degree to ensure that you receive quality work.

Professional and Experienced Academic Writers

We employ professional writers with more than two years of experience in academic and business writing. Most of our writers and editors are native English speakers to ensure quality and professional work. We are confident that our team of professional writers can handle all types of business and academic writing work.

Free Unlimited Revisions

We provide a free revision service for all orders. If you feel that our writers missed something, you can request a revision of your paper at no additional cost. When we deliver your work, you have seven days to go through it and request a revision or modification if you are not satisfied. You can also contact our support team directly for any clarifications and queries on revision.

Prompt Delivery and 100% Money-Back-Guarantee

We ensure that all papers are delivered on time. In case we need more time to master your paper requirements and deliver quality work, we may contact you and discuss a deadline extension. If a deadline extension is not feasible, depending on the work and submission deadlines, we guarantee a 100% refund.

Original & Confidential

To ensure that we deliver plagiarism-free work, we use various writing and plagiarism checking tools. Our professional editors' team carefully goes through all work and references used in papers to ensure proper referencing and that original work has been done. We also guarantee confidentiality in all the services that we provide.

24/7 Customer Support

Our support team is available round the clock for any customer queries and communication. We guarantee 24/7 customer support and assistance. Feel free to contact us at any time of day for questions and follow-ups.

Try it now!

Calculate the price of your order

Total price:
$0.00

How it works?

Follow these simple steps to get your paper done

Place your order

Fill in the order form and provide all details of your assignment.

Proceed with the payment

Choose the payment system that suits you most.

Receive the final file

Once your paper is ready, we will email it to you.

Our Services

You do not have to spend sleepless nights worrying about your paper. We got you covered. We offer all kinds of writing services.

Essays

Essay Writing Service

Regardless of the type of academic paper you need and its urgency, we have writers on call ready to work on your paper. Feel free to choose the field, educational level, and type of paper you want, and we will deliver it at an affordable price. We are here for all your academic and business paper needs. With our round the clock service, we guarantee that you will receive your work on time.

Admissions

Admission Essays & Business Writing Help

Admission essays are written by students wishing to join a college, graduate school or university, as applications for enrollment. We guarantee quality admission essays and business papers with our professional writing and customer care support services.

Reviews

Editing Support

We have experienced academic writers and editors who are on standby to make all the necessary changed to your paper at your request. We ensure that your paper is polished and appropriately formatted (APA, Harvard, Chicago/Turabian, MLA formats) before it is delivered.

Reviews

Revision Support

We provide revision support, where you can request a revision of a delivered paper if you feel that it can be improved or repolished. Your paper is checked by an experienced writer or editor for revamping and improvement upon a revision request. Revision service is free, and you can use it as many times as you wish until you are satisfied with your paper.