CHAPTER I

CHAPTER I

Covid-19 or the coronavirus pandemic, which broke out in late 2019, has caused a massive impact on our society and life. To date, over thirty-three million people have been infected, and over a million have died worldwide. The Philippines have reported over three hundred thousand cases, and over five thousand deaths were reported.

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On March 15, 2020, Luzon’s entire island was placed on Enhanced community quarantine, which limited the movement of people in various industries and closed all public transport. This, in turn, affected people’s mental health since there are people who live paycheck to paycheck on the island and with the lowest minimum wage of two hundred eighty-two Pesos (PHP 282.00). This has placed most people in massive debt issues, causing a strain on their mental health. Not only are they saddled with mounting bills to pay, but how will they feed their family.

This study plans to understand the mental health implications of the strict lockdown in the province of Bulacan and how we can give suggestions to local government and local non-government organization on how to deal with this pandemic

Background of the Study (2 pages, double space)

Stress and anxiety are among the leading mental health issues that people need to cope with in times of a pandemic. Other issues must be factored in when dealing with mental health issues during a pandemic.

Kira Newman (2020) has written that there are seven ways the pandemic is affecting our mental health. It was pointed out that we are dealing with anxiety and depression. We are also traumatized by the situation we are in. She also said that racism. There is a particular group of people who are disadvantaged in this situation. Mainly those who have poor health and chronic health issues suffer and those in the lower-income bracket. The pandemic’s effects may cause mental health issues depending on your personality, lifestyle, and demographic.

Resilience is one factor that we are looking into as to why specific demographics are more prone to mental health issues during this pandemic. During this time, everyone exhibits learned helplessness, which makes it harder for government officials to do their duties since there is no clear line as to who they need to help and who do not need their help.

We need to address this pandemic’s mental health needs to understand further the long-term consequences of our families’ communities and societies. Especially now, during this pandemic, we need to grasp the long term effects fully. Economically, there is the fear of market collapse, hence the Financial Institutions Strategic Transfer (FIST) Law proposed in Congress. During the Great Depression of 1930 and the Asian Financial Crisis, suicide rates increased.

Theoretical framework (1 pages, double space)

The theory of psychological trauma can establish Covid 19 pandemic relationship with mental health. Psychological trauma results from events that may be distressing, limiting one’s ability to cope with emotions. People always act differently when experiencing such trauma. For example, some individuals resort to drinking alcohol to relieve themselves from such trauma. Mental health is affected by five factors. The first factor is effective well-being; the second factor is autonomy; the third factor is competence; the fourth factor is aspiration, and lastly, integrated functioning. Few studies are linking the financial crisis to mental health during this pandemic period. This study shall use psychological theories, common sense, and statistical methods to find the relationship between the economic crisis experienced due to the corona pandemic and mental health.

Covid 19 pandemic resulted in an economic crisis, thus leading to unemployment. Studies show that job loss results in depression. Those who have lost their jobs find themselves in increased financial debts. Financial crisis comes when other financial obligations are not met and, at the same time, no income. With no job, there is increasing stress and depression for individuals. Depression leads to psychological trauma, which results in mental health.

Additionally, the pandemic has resulted in job insecurity among the middle class. Such job insecurities result in anxiety, which may bring mental health problems. Jobless individuals have dived into depression, and some involve themselves in drug abuse.

Conceptual framework(1 pages, double space)

This paper will do a meta-analysis on empirical research on the existing Covid 19 pandemic to mental health published in medical journals to achieve the goal. Secondly, it shall analyze previous studies of pandemics’ financial crisis (SARS, Ebola) to individuals’ psychological well-being. Thirdly, selected publications related to Covid 19 pandemic are essential in this study. All these documents are aimed at proving the hypothesis that has been formulated in this paper.

The researcher will view the mental health relationship between reported mental health issues, which originated from a financial crisis during the pandemic. Some cases of mental trauma and depression have risen from stress due to job loss. Those who have lost their jobs find themselves in increased financial debts. Financial crisis comes when other financial obligations are not met and, at the same time, no income. With no job, there is increasing stress and depression for individuals. Depression leads to psychological trauma, which results in mental health. Additionally, the pandemic has resulted in job insecurity among the middle class. Such job insecurities result in anxiety, which may bring mental health problems.

Consequently, the researcher will see a relationship between the financial crisis experienced from previous pandemics, e.g., Ebola to mental health cases reported at that time.

Statement of the problem

Covid 19 pandemic resulted in an economic crisis, thus leading to unemployment. Studies show that job loss results in depression. Those who have lost their jobs find themselves in increased financial debts. Those who have lost their jobs find themselves in increased financial debts. Financial crisis comes when other financial obligations are not met and, at the same time, no income. With no job, there is increasing stress and depression for individuals. Depression leads to psychological trauma, which results in mental health. Additionally, the pandemic has resulted in job insecurity among the middle class. Such job insecurities result in anxiety, which may bring mental health problems.

Mental health was identified by WHO (2001) as a world public issue for a minimum of 20 years. In their publication, WHO (2020) established that about 25% to 33% of the world population faces mental challenges, which can be identified as a mental disorder. The research further demonstrates that 1 out of 13 people with mental illnesses suffer from anxiety and stress.

Any social crisis, for example, Covid 19 pandemic, has associated consequences(Bong and Bouey 2020). The financial crisis brought by Covid 19 pandemic has diverse effects on population mental health. Jobless individuals have dived into depression, and some involving themselves in drug abuse. Therefore, it is essential to establish the level of Covid 19 pandemic financial crisis and individuals’ mental health.

This paper aims to establish the level of Covid 19 pandemic financial crisis and individuals’ mental health of individuals within our country. The pandemic mitigation strategies like isolation and lockdown resulted in increased individual burdens in payment of rent, food, and other expenditures. Such financial struggles gave birth to stress, which in turn leads to anxiety and depression in individuals. Anxiety and depression are some of the mental health challenges experienced in the country since the Covid 19 pandemic knocked on the door.

Hypothesis

The hypothesis of the study

  • Mental health issues increased as a result of the financial crisis brought by the Covid 19 Pandemic.

Significance of the study

This paper is of interest since it speaks on mental health, which WHO (2001) identified as a world public issue for a minimum of 20 years. In their publication, WHO 2020 established that about 25% to 33% of the world population faces mental challenges, which can be identified as a mental disorder. The research further demonstrates that 1 out of 13 people with mental illnesses suffer from anxiety and stress. Mental health is essential to all and sundry; therefore, this paper will be a rich resource to future researchers, students, and those who want to explore the relationship between Covid 19 pandemic financial crisis and mental health.

Scope of the study

The study primarily aimed to establish the short and long-term effects of the Covid 19 pandemic, particularly the financial crisis, which led to increased mental illness within the republic. The paper shall use the psychological trauma theoretical concept to relate the covid 19 pandemics’ financial crisis to individual mental health. This paper will do a meta-analysis on empirical research on the existing Covid 19 pandemic to mental health published in medical journals to achieve the goal. Secondly, it shall analyze previous studies of pandemics’ financial crisis (SARS, Ebola) to individuals’ psychological well-being. Thirdly, selected publications related to Covid 19 pandemic are essential in this study. All these documents are aimed at proving the hypothesis that has been formulated in this paper.

Definition of Terms

The keywords used in this paper include stress, mental health, pandemic

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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