DESCRIPTION OF CLINICAL CASE

DESCRIPTION OF CLINICAL CASE
 

My friends Steven who was extremely good athlete in high school,but things sifted when he played at college level. Being a student athlete with other thing other than school him time management is not right. Steven was one of the top prospects in college but after performing Terrible in sport he suffered from depression and anxiety. For this evidence-based project my aim is to help Steven with depression and anxiety Which will help compete.

REFERENCE LIST
 

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Van Lier, J., & Raes, F. (2018). Generalization in Sports: The Impact of How Athletes Process Their Failures and Successes, Journal of Clinical Sport Psychology, 12(3), 382-403. Retrieved Oct 17, 2020, from https://journals.humankinetics.com/view/journals/jcsp/12/3/article-p382.xml

 

Elliott, D., Polman, R., & Taylor, J. (2014). The effects of relaxing music for anxiety control on competitive sport anxiety. European journal of sport science, 14 Suppl 1, S296–S301. https://doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2012.693952

 

Thoma, M. V., La Marca, R., Brönnimann, R., Finkel, L., Ehlert, U., & Nater, U. M. (2013). The effect of music on the human stress response. PloS one, 8(8), e70156. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0070156

 

1. CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPIC (CAT): REFERENCE IN APA FORMAT
Van Lier, J., & Raes, F. (2018). Generalization in Sports: The Impact of How Athletes Process Their Failures and Successes, Journal of Clinical Sport Psychology, 12(3), 382-403. Retrieved Oct 17, 2020, from https://journals.humankinetics.com/view/journals/jcsp/12/3/article-p382.xml
PURPOSE OR RESEARCH QUESTION
The purpose of this article was to find out the mind-set from failure athlete and positive/ success athletes .
PARTICIPANTS
In this study participant were chosen form serval sports. Age of participant were 16 year or older and must played a sport. 16 year or older participate were recruited via. Sport qrganixation and socur media.  University of Leuven (Bakala Academy Performance Center) was where the study took place and total the study only 798 participants completed the crucial generalization measures.
INTERVENTIONS/TREATMENT
The flyers were made to recruit the participant and on the flyer, the author’s aim was how athletes think of the emotional side of their sport and their attitudes towards emotional coaching in sports as part of a related study. First, a questionnaire evaluating generalization to other life domains and the Causal Dimension Scale were included in this analysis.  We also asked a-priori for a negative or positively perceived competitive outcome in this report. At a performance center at the university, participants were offered the chance to win a 100EUR coupon to use. By ticking the box under “I give consent” on the panel, the participants gave consent. Participants were assigned to either the abstract or the concrete condition at random. Until they got an abstract or concrete processing induction, all participants went through the same questionnaires in identical order. Participants were allocated randomly to consider a recent performance in which they performed below their expectations (negative condition) or in which they performed above their expectations (positive condition). The participants were asked to write down the details of the race or game in a few sentences.  After asking some questions about the sport perform and how they felt and what they thought and then reading what has participated have written two forms of generalization were made. they were positive generalizations and negative generalization.

 

CONTROL/COMPARISON
Participants were allocated randomly to consider a recent performance in which they performed below their expectations (negative condition) or in which they performed above their expectations (positive condition). The participants were asked to write down the details of the race or game in a few sentences.  After asking some questions about the sport perform and how they felt and what they thought and then reading what has participated have written two forms of generalization were made. they were positive generalizations and negative generalization.
OUTCOME MEASURES
Outcome of this study was that participate with success performance lead to more positive generalization, especially among sport participants with high self-esteem Athletes are capable of making such attributions that, depending on their temperament, can induce positive or negative generalization.
MAIN FINDINGS
Main finding were that participants and athletes in sports reflect on how they process accomplishments, especially those with depressive symptoms. The confidence in a positive outcome of future performances and can improve self-worth.
WHAT WERE THE STRENGTHS?
The article proved was tight forward and strength was that this study only uses participants that had sports history. Anyone could’ve been involved in this study as long as they play any type of sport and dint not matter where they were from or their background.

 

WHAT WERE THE WEAKNESSES?
The article proved was tight forward and strength was that this study only uses participants that had sports history. Anyone could’ve been involved in this study as long as they play any type of sport and dint not matter where they were from or their background.

 

2. CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPIC (CAT): REFERENCE IN APA FORMAT

Elliott, D., Polman, R., & Taylor, J. (2014). The effects of relaxing music for anxiety control on competitive sport anxiety. European journal of sport science, 14 Suppl 1, S296–S301. https://doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2012.693952

 

PURPOSE OR RESEARCH QUESTION

The goal of the study was to explore the effects that music can have on the athletes who undergo competitive state anxiety to achieve success.

PARTICIPANTS

In this study, 72 undergraduate student volunteers with an age range from 18 to 28 which included 44 males and 28 females.

INTERVENTIONS/TREATMENT

A variety of methods Competitive state anxiety was introduced to trigger it. Participants were told first that they would be engaged in a competitive engine task that scores It will be recorded and made open to everyone. Stimulate appraisal anxiety participants were told that they were going to competing in front of a crowd.It was important for the participants in carrying out a comparatively new engine mission. This has been anthrowing an underarm beanbag to a goal set at a distance from 7 m. Participants took fifteen throws, the goal being to land the projectile in a hoop with a diameter of 1 m Sitting on the concrete. One point was earned by participants for landing then beanbag on the target. After motor task in groups of four, participants were asked to attend the testing location at a predetermined time, Participants were led to the testing area and were asked to complete the CSAI-2R, subjective relaxation scale, and record HR, via Polar heart rate monitor. The testing area was where the anxiety measures were taken and the participants were presented with either, one of the music interventions or silence. Following the initial action, the participants were taken to the competition the area where an underarm beanbag toss was made, aiming for a target. Once this occurred, they were taken back to the room and the same 3 initial assessments were performed. The intervention took place based on their diagnosis. One of the three groups was randomly allocated to participants, the first two being recovery groups. 26 participants listened to calming music for anxiety management, 24 participants listened to non-relaxing music and 22 had no music.

 

CONTROL/COMPARISON

The 22 participants who had no music were included in the control group. This group went through the same protocol as the other two treatment groups which was listening to relaxing music for anxiety control and listening to non-relaxing music during the 10-minute duration. While other groups were listing to the music the no music which had 22 participants sat quietly.

OUTCOME MEASURES

Throughout the study, anxiety was assessed utilizing 3 separate measures. These experiments were performed by Pre-treatment, during treatment, and post-treatment is carried out. The first verification was the use of The Revised Inventory-2 of Competitive Sport Anxiety (CSAI-2R). Cognitive assessments of this magnitude State fear, fear of the somatic state, and self-trust of the state through a self-reported a Questionnaire. The subjective relaxation scale using a 7-point Likert product was the next test. The Polar FS3 HR monitors were used in the last test to collect heart rate data, which checked the physiological Anxiety Measures. It has also been shown that heart rate is linked to somatic activation, Which is another justification for using it. the proof of the accuracy and validity of these 3 the steps were not defined.

MAIN FINDINGS

The objectives of this study were to investigate the impact of two forms of music on competitive state, which turns out that the findings indicate that listening to soothing music does not have a greater impact on anxiety reduction as opposed to the other 2 classes studied.

WHAT WERE THE STRENGTHS?
This study used a good number of participants which had both genders and everything was predetermined the location, music, and time.  Another strength was that the sport that was pick was easy where anyone. Could do and it requires no skill.
WHAT WERE THE WEAKNESSES?
This study could’ve provided more repetition in this study to get more accurate outcomes. In the future, this study should let the participants choose their music t see if they will be a different result. haver set of music might have effect the outcomes.

 

 

 

3. CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPIC (CAT): REFERENCE IN APA FORMAT
Thoma, M. V., La Marca, R., Brönnimann, R., Finkel, L., Ehlert, U., & Nater, U. M. (2013). The effect of music on the human stress response. PloS one, 8(8), e70156. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0070156

 

PURPOSE OR RESEARCH QUESTION
Listening to music has been recommended to valuably affect well being through pressure lessening impacts. Notwithstanding, the current writing gives itself a predetermined number of examinations and with inconsistencies in announced discoveries that may result from methodological weaknesses (for example little example size, no substantial stressor). It was the point of the current examination to address this hole in information and defeat past deficiencies by completely inspecting music impacts across psychological, and enthusiastic spaces of the human pressure reaction.
PARTICIPANTS
Sixty healthy with 20–30 years of age female subjects participated in the study. Participants were recruited by the advertisement at the University of Zurich and the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich. Participants were instructed not to drink alcohol or caffeinated beverages 48 hours prior to the study. They were told to refrain from any exercise activities 24 hours prior to the experiment
INTERVENTIONS/TREATMENT
First, Participants arrived at the laboratory 60 min prior to the onset of the stress induction by the TSST. Twenty minutes prior to the TSST, the participants were brought to the TSST room, where they were introduced by the main experimenter to the procedure of the TSST. The subjects were then brought to the intervention room, seated in a comfortable chair, and provided with headphones. Participants were then escorted to a non-intervention room, where they spent their waiting time between the actual experimental interventions. the Participants are expected to count backward in steps of 17 from the 2043 number. After each measurement mistake, the respondents re-start the calculation from 2043 is requested. It has known that giving a speech as a part of a simulated job interview which brings anxiety, having them doing the TSST will get participants nervous. The TSST ‘s got It has been found repeatedly to be a reliable instrument to activate both the autonomous nervous system and HPA Axis.
CONTROL/COMPARISON
Participants were spilled into three different of the group and those were first relaxing music (RM), the second sound of rippling water (SW), and third was without acoustic stimulation (R After the completion of the TSST, the subjects were then returned back the non-intervention room and also saliva sample was taken between times. 20 participants underwent the experimental condition (RM), 20 participants underwent the non-music acoustic control condition (SW), and 20 participants underwent the control condition without acoustic stimulation (R).

 

OUTCOME MEASURES
After three group were test with couple of trails it shows that listening music had no differential effect on psychological measures in comparison to the control conditions. One explanation might be that music listening may only reduce psychological stress/anxiety in the presence of a relatively Music and Stress mild stressor.
MAIN FINDINGS
The main finding for the experimental groups that were listening to relaxing music (RM), the control group listening to the sound of rippling water (SW), and the control group resting without acoustic stimulation was to examine the effects of listening to relaxing music prior to a laboratory stressor on were observed in individuals who were listening to music prior the stress task, lowest concentrations were found in those who were listening to the sound of rippling water and it comes down to that there is was no significant effect of music.
WHAT WERE THE STRENGTHS?
The strength of his study provides a good number of participants to create a more consistent result. In this case, there were 20 participates in 3 groups. Another strength was that having to wait for 10 mixture between trails to give break to participants.
WHAT WERE THE WEAKNESSES?
Weakness 1: Study was one done one day, I would do couple of days in a week with the same process and same about of groups.

 

Weakness 2: This article old used participants  that was 20-30 years old. Habit gall age of group from 15-65 that would been great for overall study.

 

 

 

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