MLA Handout

MLA Handout


Don't use plagiarized sources. Get Your Custom Essay on
MLA Handout
Just from $13/Page
Order Essay


We must use in-text citations when we engage with outside sources. It doesn’t matter if you’re paraphrasing, summarizing, or quoting directly; we need always to properly credit the outside sources. It is all pretty simple, if you keep it simple.

If possible, try FIRST to use the author’s last name in the signal phrase. When you do this, you do not need the citation.  If you do not use the author’s name in the signal phrase, then provide the citation.  It all boils down to letting your reader know where the information came from.

  1. Examples of using the author’s name in your sentence, with a signal phrase:

In what has become a proverb from modern literature, Solomon Getty writes that if “the Greeks invented tragedy, the Romans the epistle and the Renaissance the sonnet, our generation invented a new literature, that of testimony.”

Getty asks a critical question: “When does internet surveillance cross the line?”

*Notice that the punctuation for the quotes is within the final quotation mark.

  1. For thisexample, we have one author of an online article, so use just her last name when providing the citation. You do not need a page number because our article is an internet article.Here’s an example of not using our author’s name in a signal phrase, but instead providing a citation.


One article mentioned the disturbing details about William Beach’s death: “At the hospital, blood poured from his mouth and nose, splattering sheets, bed rails and physicians” (Armour).

According to one article, “In 2011, the FDA inspected 6 percent of domestic food producers and just 0.4 percent of importers. The FDA has had no rules for how often food producers must be inspected” (Armour).

*Notice that the punctuation comes after the citation.


THIS IS EASY. IN MOST CASES (MAYBE ALL) YOU’LL BE ABLE TO FOLLOW THE IN-TEXT CITATION MODELS DESCRIBED ABOVE. Generally, in-text citations get trickier only in a couple of situations.

ONE potentially tricky scenario involves what we call an “indirect source”

Articles often contain the words of other experts, and you might for some reason want to use them. This occurs more commonly than you might think. If the author quoted somebody in her article, there’s probably a good reason: the information is important.  Here’s how you include and cite the words from someone within the article other than the author:

According to Debbie Frederick, William Beach’s daughter, “He died in terror and pain” (qtd. in Armour).

*Notice that we did not include Debbie Frederick’s name in the citation; she is not the author.  But since she is being quoted in the article, we let the reader know by including “qtd. in” before the author’s name.  After all, the author’s name will be alphabetized in the works cited, not Debbie Frederick.

***Note: All these examples included quotations.  If you decide to paraphrase, you must still include the citation after the information.


The Homework College
Calculate your paper price
Pages (550 words)
Approximate price: -

Why Work with Us

Top Quality and Well-Researched Papers

We ensure that our writers and editors work within the work guidelines and follow all paper instructions to the letter. When placing an order, you choose the academic field and expert level (high school, college, university, or professional). Our team then assigns your paper to a writer with a respective qualification or degree to ensure that you receive quality work.

Professional and Experienced Academic Writers

We employ professional writers with more than two years of experience in academic and business writing. Most of our writers and editors are native English speakers to ensure quality and professional work. We are confident that our team of professional writers can handle all types of business and academic writing work.

Free Unlimited Revisions

We provide a free revision service for all orders. If you feel that our writers missed something, you can request a revision of your paper at no additional cost. When we deliver your work, you have seven days to go through it and request a revision or modification if you are not satisfied. You can also contact our support team directly for any clarifications and queries on revision.

Prompt Delivery and 100% Money-Back-Guarantee

We ensure that all papers are delivered on time. In case we need more time to master your paper requirements and deliver quality work, we may contact you and discuss a deadline extension. If a deadline extension is not feasible, depending on the work and submission deadlines, we guarantee a 100% refund.

Original & Confidential

To ensure that we deliver plagiarism-free work, we use various writing and plagiarism checking tools. Our professional editors' team carefully goes through all work and references used in papers to ensure proper referencing and that original work has been done. We also guarantee confidentiality in all the services that we provide.

24/7 Customer Support

Our support team is available round the clock for any customer queries and communication. We guarantee 24/7 customer support and assistance. Feel free to contact us at any time of day for questions and follow-ups.

Try it now!

Calculate the price of your order

Total price:

How it works?

Follow these simple steps to get your paper done

Place your order

Fill in the order form and provide all details of your assignment.

Proceed with the payment

Choose the payment system that suits you most.

Receive the final file

Once your paper is ready, we will email it to you.

Our Services

You do not have to spend sleepless nights worrying about your paper. We got you covered. We offer all kinds of writing services.


Essay Writing Service

Regardless of the type of academic paper you need and its urgency, we have writers on call ready to work on your paper. Feel free to choose the field, educational level, and type of paper you want, and we will deliver it at an affordable price. We are here for all your academic and business paper needs. With our round the clock service, we guarantee that you will receive your work on time.


Admission Essays & Business Writing Help

Admission essays are written by students wishing to join a college, graduate school or university, as applications for enrollment. We guarantee quality admission essays and business papers with our professional writing and customer care support services.


Editing Support

We have experienced academic writers and editors who are on standby to make all the necessary changed to your paper at your request. We ensure that your paper is polished and appropriately formatted (APA, Harvard, Chicago/Turabian, MLA formats) before it is delivered.


Revision Support

We provide revision support, where you can request a revision of a delivered paper if you feel that it can be improved or repolished. Your paper is checked by an experienced writer or editor for revamping and improvement upon a revision request. Revision service is free, and you can use it as many times as you wish until you are satisfied with your paper.