The main aim of an author who writes an argumentative paper is to convince people who read it—in particular, those who don’t already agree with the author—that the positions he or she takes are the most likely to be true. In this effort, the author (1) clearly states his or her positions, (2) presents arguments in support of these positions, (3) anticipates the best objections to his or her arguments, (4) charitably presents these objections, and (5) directly and fully responds to all of the objections. Thus a good argumentative paper is one whose author, by these means, succeeds in convincing critical readers, at least to some degree, that his or her positions are the most plausible ones.
First, state, within your introductory paragraph, your positions on the morality of abortion, meat-eating, and the death penalty in the U.S. If your positions contain qualifications (such as “abortion is morally wrong, except when . . .” or “meat-eating is morally permissible only under these conditions . . .” or “the death penalty should be imposed only if . . .”), go ahead and state them in this paragraph if you can do so in a sentence or two; otherwise, just indicate here that your positions have qualifications and then specify these qualifications in the paper’s body where you give your defense of your positions.
Second, set out, in the first part of your paper’s body, your theory of independent moral standing (IMS). Such a theory is your view on what attributes give an individual intrinsic moral value and hence entitle that individual’s welfare to be considered by moral agents whenever their actions will affect the individual. To jog your memory, here is a list of several candidates we discussed in class: life, sentience, experiencing-subject-of-a-life, genetic humanity, moral autonomy, rationality, descriptive personhood, potential descriptive personhood, and having a future of high value. Which of these attributes—and/or any others—do you believe give an individual IMS? Since critical readers of your paper are not going to simply accept the attributes you list, be sure to give reasons why these attributes are, in fact, morally relevant or special from the moral point of view.
Third, initially defend your positions, in the second part of the paper’s body, by presenting what you take to be the best arguments for them, which in part will involve applying your theory of IMS to these positions. (Each of your positions should have one “central argument” in support of it.)
Fourth, further defend each of your positions in the body of the paper by anticipating, charitably presenting, and directly and fully responding to the one best objection to each of your central arguments in support of each position. Each objection should be a counterargument, rather than a mere counterclaim.
Finally, conclude your paper by noting any important limitations, implications, or consequences associated with the conclusions you have reached (i.e., with the positions you have defended). A conclusion you have reached may not apply to everyone or in all circumstances, so if it is limited in this way, you might point that out or, if you have already done so earlier in the paper, remind readers of it. If one of your positions implies something important (e.g., that most people, including yourself, are currently acting wrongly), then you may point this out. Or if a conclusion you have reached has as a consequence that people or our government should change their ways or policies, then you might mention that. Just remember to be relatively brief here and avoid stating anything whose logical connections to your positions are controversial. After reading this paragraph, your readers should readily agree with you that your positions have the limitations, implications, and/or consequences that you state they do.
Why Work with Us
Top Quality and Well-Researched Papers
We ensure that our writers and editors work within the work guidelines and follow all paper instructions to the letter. When placing an order, you choose the academic field and expert level (high school, college, university, or professional). Our team then assigns your paper to a writer with a respective qualification or degree to ensure that you receive quality work.
Professional and Experienced Academic Writers
We employ professional writers with more than two years of experience in academic and business writing. Most of our writers and editors are native English speakers to ensure quality and professional work. We are confident that our team of professional writers can handle all types of business and academic writing work.
Free Unlimited Revisions
We provide a free revision service for all orders. If you feel that our writers missed something, you can request a revision of your paper at no additional cost. When we deliver your work, you have seven days to go through it and request a revision or modification if you are not satisfied. You can also contact our support team directly for any clarifications and queries on revision.
Prompt Delivery and 100% Money-Back-Guarantee
We ensure that all papers are delivered on time. In case we need more time to master your paper requirements and deliver quality work, we may contact you and discuss a deadline extension. If a deadline extension is not feasible, depending on the work and submission deadlines, we guarantee a 100% refund.
Original & Confidential
To ensure that we deliver plagiarism-free work, we use various writing and plagiarism checking tools. Our professional editors' team carefully goes through all work and references used in papers to ensure proper referencing and that original work has been done. We also guarantee confidentiality in all the services that we provide.
24/7 Customer Support
Our support team is available round the clock for any customer queries and communication. We guarantee 24/7 customer support and assistance. Feel free to contact us at any time of day for questions and follow-ups.
Try it now!
How it works?
Follow these simple steps to get your paper done
Place your order
Fill in the order form and provide all details of your assignment.
Proceed with the payment
Choose the payment system that suits you most.
Receive the final file
Once your paper is ready, we will email it to you.
You do not have to spend sleepless nights worrying about your paper. We got you covered. We offer all kinds of writing services.
Regardless of the type of academic paper you need and its urgency, we have writers on call ready to work on your paper. Feel free to choose the field, educational level, and type of paper you want, and we will deliver it at an affordable price. We are here for all your academic and business paper needs. With our round the clock service, we guarantee that you will receive your work on time.
Admission Essays & Business Writing Help
Admission essays are written by students wishing to join a college, graduate school or university, as applications for enrollment. We guarantee quality admission essays and business papers with our professional writing and customer care support services.
We have experienced academic writers and editors who are on standby to make all the necessary changed to your paper at your request. We ensure that your paper is polished and appropriately formatted (APA, Harvard, Chicago/Turabian, MLA formats) before it is delivered.
We provide revision support, where you can request a revision of a delivered paper if you feel that it can be improved or repolished. Your paper is checked by an experienced writer or editor for revamping and improvement upon a revision request. Revision service is free, and you can use it as many times as you wish until you are satisfied with your paper.